History 1803E Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Western Roman Empire, High Middle Ages, Aristocracy

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Middle ages / medival period 476- 1500 a. d (approx. ) 476- fall of the western roman empire: after attack from various tribes referred by the romans as barbarians. Historians today realize they only had a different culture. 1st century bc- roman empire established . at its height it had a well developed economic and political structure. 3rd century ad empire under attack: suffering from years of warfare, diesese, famine, over taxation. 476 ad fall of western roman empire, eastern roman empire survived. 1500: end of middle ages: beginning of exploration and spread of renaissance. ( renaissance: 1300s- 1500s) began in italy and spread in europe. Renassiaace: rebirth of classical knowledge and celebration of indiviaul creativity. ( keep in mind: overlap between time period of middle period and renaissance) Focus: western european business within europe with north africa and near east. North: brithish isles, scandinavia, low countries ( netherlands, belgium. South: italy, souther france, iberia ( spain and portugal)

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