Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (620,000)
Western (60,000)
HIS (2,000)
HIS 1810E (200)
Lecture 2

History 1810E Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Protestant Wind, Plausible Deniability, Elizabeth I Of England

Course Code
HIS 1810E
Jonathan Vance

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 2 pages of the document.
The Deadline of the Portuguese Empire and The Rise of other Empires
How and why did the other European countries begin to challenge the Portuguese in the East?
- want the challenge the Portuguese- Catholic powers- Philip of Spain
Potential Challengers
- England
→ both are protestant, seas going nations→ fishing active in Atlantic
-16th century interest in exploration (looking for more routes to China)
Sir Francis Drake (england)
- circumnavigated the globe 1577- 1580
“licensed pirate” -search for gold -stealing from Spanish
-first Englishman to make it to the Spice Islands
-allied with Sultan Boab of the Ternate (portuguese exiled)
Queen Elizabeth 1st
- complex history with Philip of spain
- her sister died and he then offered to marry her instead (many consequences)
- privateers gave her plausible deniability
The Dutch Reepublic and England
-historic trading connections
- co-religionists
- Treaty of Nonsuch 1585
→ Phillip- full military attack by Habsburg empire
The Armada
-Drake burned 30 spanish ships at Cadiz 1587
- Spanish fail to pick up troops effectively in the low countries
-battle in the english channel for days
- “protestant wind”- pushes the NW, then South
→ claimed god was on english side
Elizabeth moving into greater power
Meanwhile, on the other side of the world
-1586-88 on the other side of the world
-emphasizes Portuguese weakness
-supporters of the Portuguese pretender Dom Antonio
-1589 English merchants petitioned to go to Asian waters
-fleets left in 1591 & 1596 (few returned, then none)
The Dutch Traders
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version