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Lecture 10

History 2125F/G Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Nortel, Making Money, Canadian Union Of Public Employees


Department
History
Course Code
HIS 2125F/G
Professor
Peter Krats
Lecture
10

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Keynesianism Canada: Part Two
Perhaps most evocative of postwar boom mentality was E.P. Taylor
E.P. Taylor: pioneers new directions for management
Did not care what his companies were producing; was only interested in making profits
Took over companies with importance on making money immediately as opposed to cultural
legacies, longevity
As 1960s begin, he buys Massey Fergusson, changed their production focus to something that
would make more money (the growing suburbs did not need typical tractors like Massey
originally produced so he turned them towards producing lawnmowers and snowmobiles)
Challenges
- “A buck is a buck
o Carter (1966): fairness should be foremost objective of taxation system… the poor paid
more than their fair share while wealthy avoided taxes through various loopholes
o He argued that “if you make a dollar, pay tax on it!” to benefit society
- Regional variations
o Percentage of national average income in 1947 was 116% in Ontario, 117% BC
o Who’s benefitting? Manufacturing employment located largely in Southern Ontario
o Control of manufacturing in 1961 is almost 50% United States, 50% Canada
o Outside control of gas
o Distribution of American firms: Toronto has 666 American firms, Hamilton 68, …
Produced “Canadian-made” products but from American companies
- Economies of small scale
o The case of the optimum appliance factory
- To what end? Defining affluence
- For whom?
o What of workers? Fordist industrial compromise brings overall gains in standard of living
o Recall the PC 1003 of 1944: Enter the Fordist Industrial compromise
Legal recognition of Bargaining Agent
Unions must use “grievance procedure”
Not in the deal: “management prerogative
Industrial Relation and Disputes Investigation Act
Next in line after Trades Unions Act
o Government emphasizes “Production
o Period of growing prosperity: service sector is growing because of mechanization
(agriculture decreases and manufacturing stabilizes)
o Women’s employment increases, approaching half of population of women
o Wages increase greater than inflation
o Average incomes increase so disposable income
o WASPM: white, Anglo-Saxon, Protestant, Male were most successful
Education, nature of work, gender, “ethnicity”/religion, regions
Obviously some of these you could control
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