History 2145A/B Lecture Notes - Karl Lueger, Hyperinflation In The Weimar Republic, German Nationalism

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Jan 25/11
The Stages of German Fascism: Outline of the Nazi Rise to Power
1) Seeds of national socialism: Hitler’s Vienna
2) Defeat in War and Crisis of Weimar Germany
3) Creation of Nazi movement: the early NSDAP
4) Rooting in the political system: extra-parliamentary and parliamentary politics, 1923-1930
5) Economic and political crisis: Hitler in government, 1933
Hitler: Subject of Austria, Son of the Volk
-Austria was a multi-ethnic/multi-lingual empire
-he was close to the German border
-moves to Vienna during WW1, then Munich after WW1
-he has an ethnic German consciousness
-Austria is big time Catholic- ties to Papacy
-Austrian-Hungarian empire is a dying empire- has a lot of problems
-Germany is unified, growing, becoming a dominant world power
-lower-middle class background
Budding Artist?
-Hitler aspired to be an artist
Hitler’s Vienna Years, 1907-1913
-wondering around Vienna
-very solitary, pathetic figure
*-3 key ideas that Hitler learned in Vienna:
1) racial and anti-Semitism: fears of ‘racial degeneration’-encounters a Jewish community for
the first time in Vienna that he sees as distinct, sees Jews as a racial threat
2) Pan-German nationalism- Austrian subject but member of the German Volk find a political
voice
3) Power of mass politics- appreciates this
-these are not unique to Hitler, but he plants these into his ideas
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Politicizing Pan German Nationalism: The Pan German Nationalism- George von Schonerer
-they are creating political movements
-anti-socialism
-anti-Semitism
-anti-Habsburg (monarchy that reigns over the Austrian-Hungarian empire, also anti-Catholic
-pro-Anschluss (want to see the unification of Germany and Austria
-forming political movements whose platforms advocate these things
Christian Social Party- Karl Lueger
-charismatic man, powerful
-center-right of the spectrum
-animated by catholic social principles
-anti-Semitic- identifying Jews as the problem- politically, economically, socially- ex. if there is a
bribery scandal they blame the Jewish influence- scapegoat
-Hitler appreciates the power of charisma, persuasion
*-these ideas and sentiments are moving out of the shadows into political platforms
-unifying principle seems to be anti-Semitism
-ethnic, Volkisch nationalism, pan German- wants an exclusively ethnic german state, anti-
Semitic, mass based (power of the masses)
Nazi party rally: 1934- The “masses
-understands mass politics
-struck by numbers, strength
Studying the Art of Persuasion
-Hitler had a photographer take pictures of him in poses
-pretending he is making a speech
-wondering how he looks, what effect will it have
*-the coming of the era of mass politics (look back on notes)
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