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Canadian History: Loyalists

Course Code
HIS 2201E

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Canadian History Oct 14 Loyalists Chapter 6 journeys
Loyalist Numbers (approx)
Loyalists to British north America – 50,000
Total number of Loyalist refugees from US – 70,000
Period 1791 -1840s
Loyalists: Origins and settlement patterns
Came for different reasons and from different backgrounds
Not all of them were of British background
Significant number of these were first nation people
Settled mainly in areas they can reach fairly easily by water travel (those who
settled in southern Ontario)
Displaced Aboriginal peoples:
People like Joseph Brant were displaced by choice (they don’t like what is
happening in the 13 colonies)
Other people were displaced because the British gov buy their land to give to the
loyalists/ refugee these people are then settled on small reserves of land
Late Loyalists:
they are coming after the revolution.
They are coming to get free/good land
They aren’t particularly loyal to the British
The late “loyalists” out number the original loyalists 4 to 1
John Graves Simcoe as Upper Canada’s first Governor (1792-96)
His vision for upper Canada a truly British colony
Wants Canada to be the same as any area in the United Kingdom
He does not like the word democracy
He like order and hierarchy elites
Conservative values
All of his reforms do not end up working in the long run
War of 1812-14
represents unfinished business after the American revolution
Most battles took place in southern Ontario
Britain Vs Us
Us fails to provide the support to refugees so the British decided they were
going to stay in their forts blah blah blah
Finally the US say they will pay up and the british agree to leave their forts
In 1792 there is a treaty signed that says the British are going to leave
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