Making the Dominion of Canada.doc

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22 Mar 2012

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Making the Dominion of Canada: Over coming resistance and creating confederation Con’t
Dominion of Canada, July 1, 1867 – N.S, N.B, Quebec, Ontario
Stages and Processes in the coming of Confederation
Worries: How much will this cost; will taxes rise? Will the French/Quebecers lose their
culture and their religion? Cartier was very pro confederation in quebec
“The Great Coalition” June 1864 (before this very short lived political parties very
frustrating to the governor general so he suggested that a coalition be formed gorge
brown and John A M.
Charlottetown Conference, Sept. 1864: a meet and greet, and preliminary
discussion (parting and drinking) no real details were worked out that happens at the next
Quebec Conference, Oct. 1864: hammering out the Seventy-Two Resolutions
become the core of the British North America Act this is the written part of the Canadian
Constitution from July 1 onward Passed in London England but comes into effect July 1st
1867 ( Seventy Two Res never put to popular vote it was the work of the politics)
Meetings in London, Eng., Dec. 1866-Jan. 1867: some final changes in the
Seventy-Two Res.
Passing the British North America Act (BNA Act), April 1867, London
Proclamation of the Dominion of Canada, July 1, 1867
THE DIVISION OF POWERS UNDER THE BNA ACT: creating a strong central
government [From web link shown on p258, Journeys, please download and print Sections
91,( outlines the specific responsibilities of federal) 92,(provincial) 93 (matters of
education) for frequent future reference] (aim was a strong central government)
CANADA’S RELATIONSHIP WITH BRITAIN: still a colony but largely autonomous
except in external affairs The governor general is still appointed by Britain had much
more importance and power. The governor general must tell Britain about all bills and laws
passed in Canada and if they did not like it would not pass in Britain.
CONCLUSION: As noted in Journeys , 237, “immediate circumstances, more than a spirit
of nationalism, prepared the way for Confederation.” Not surprisingly, there would be
ongoing tensions. As will be seen in future readings and lectures, tensions between Canada
and Britain would be relatively uncommon. BUT, tensions between Ottawa and various
provinces became frequent, indeed, a central theme in Canada’s post-Confederation
political history.
Russel Article important to this topic
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