Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (630,000)
Western (60,000)
HIS (2,000)
HIS 2201E (100)
Prof (20)


Course Code
HIS 2201E

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Introduction: Like last week’s lecture on the Northwest, this lecture on the region
that became British Columbia takes us back to the period of first contact between
First Nations and Europeans, and forward in time to the 1860s. The first part of the
lecture compares this contact zone with earlier contacts in eastern Canada and the
Northwest, and then shows how and why the region almost became part of the US.
Focusing on James Douglas, the “father” of BC, the lecture also explores the question
of race relations in a frontier setting. The last part of the lecture deals with economic
and political changes as the colony diversified and struggled and a handful of people
made decisions about its future.
First Nations on the Pacific Coast: numerous, hierarchical, prosperous, acquisitive
The Arrival of Europeans by Sea: Who were they, and what did they want?
Europeans Arrive Overland from the Northwest: fur traders and explorers and rivalry
with US traders
The Hudson’s Bay Company as a 19 th
Century Presence : a business, a government,
and a challenge to US claims to “Oregon” (and American claims to a “manifest
destiny”); settlement of the dispute over “Oregon,” 1846
James Douglas, Company Man and Governor: a mixed-race leader in a frontier setting
Native Lands versus Europeans’ Ambitions : early treaties and purchases; later un-
negotiated takeovers
The Fraser River Gold Rush, 1858: newcomers, new rivalries, and a new colony on
mainland BC
Amalgamation of the Victoria Island and Mainland Colonies, 1866: a response to
tough economic times
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