Lecture 10 Part 1 – Early 19th Century Canadian Government

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Published on 20 Jun 2012
School
Western University
Department
History
Course
History 2201E
Page:
of 2
Lecture 10 Part 1 Early 19th Century Canadian Government
Government of Upper Canada
o Oligarchic
o Called the Family Compact
o Basically run by two men: Bishop Strachan and John Beverley
Robinson
Sat on both executive and legislative councils
o Still no political parties! Still just factions at this time
o What did the Family Compact stress/want?
Stressed the British connection; conservative
Called the Tories
All for establishment and the establishment of the Church of
England
Little sympathy for American government and republicanism
Formed the majority in the legislative assembly
o Reformers
Liberal, more open outlooks, open to change and reform
Didn’t like oligarchy
Robert Gourlay
Upset by law that forbid Americans from owning land in
Canada for 7 years
Saw this as an impediment to private land ownership
Wanted to gain enough support to send a petition to
Britain
Charged with seditions liable, sent back to Scotland
Agitated a lot of people, but never supported the radical
reformer William Lyon Mackenzie
William Lyon Mackenzie
Grandfather of Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie
King
Owned the Colonial Advocate newspaper
Small, excitable man, temperamental
Elected to the Legislative Assembly, greatest critic of the
Family Compact
Types Riot
Crown and clergy reserves
o Every 7th lot had to be reserved for the crown or
the church
o Prevented connection
1841: Currency Act
To create unification in the banking system
Family Compact had a lot of control of the money,
especially the executive and legislative councils
Citizen Status: The Alien Question
o British government aware of what is going on in Upper and
Lower Canada
Overturned the Naturalization Law
Got rid of the Alien Question
Put money in the hands of the Legislative Assembly
Renounced its claim to revenues derived from Crown Lands in
return for a guarantee of the Civil List
Not claiming money from crown lands
Civil List: list of payments for all officials on the
government payroll, including the governor; signed by
the assembly
o Have to pay all members of the assembly

Document Summary

Lecture 10 part 1 early 19th century canadian government. Government of upper canada: oligarchic, called the family compact, basically run by two men: bishop strachan and john beverley. Sat on both executive and legislative councils: still no political parties! All for establishment and the establishment of the church of. Little sympathy for american government and republicanism. Formed the majority in the legislative assembly: reformers. Liberal, more open outlooks, open to change and reform. Upset by law that forbid americans from owning land in. Saw this as an impediment to private land ownership. Wanted to gain enough support to send a petition to. Charged with seditions liable, sent back to scotland. Agitated a lot of people, but never supported the radical reformer william lyon mackenzie. Grandfather of prime minister william lyon mackenzie. Elected to the legislative assembly, greatest critic of the. Crown and clergy reserves: every 7th lot had to be reserved for the crown or the church, prevented connection.