History 2201E Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Shanawdithit, Algonquin People, Stadacona

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Published on 20 Jun 2012
School
Western University
Department
History
Course
History 2201E
Lecture 2 Part 1 Native North America
Native North America
o Majority were Algonquian speaking peoples in eastern Canada at
contact
Only about 500 Algonquin people
o Different traditions within language families
o Many different languages within each language family
50 languages spoken in Canada at contact, underestimation
o Second largest group was Inuit, fits in with Eskimo-Aleut
o Unknown what language the Natives of Newfoundland spoke
People known as the Beothuk
Became extinct in 1829 with the death of Shawnadithit
Didn’t interact much with the Europeans
Where the term “Red Indian” came from
Had a practice of painting their entire bodies with red
clay (ochre)
o Names that the people called themselves usually meant “the people”
in their language or dialect
Stadacona
o Old St. Lawrence Iroquois town
o Modern day Quebec City
Hochelaga
o Old St. Lawrence Iroquois town
o Modern day Montreal
o Jacques Cartier met these people
Huron
o Very compact confederacy
o 5 confederacies, all sedentary
o Agriculturalists
o Approximately 12,000 people
o Eventually wiped out by the Five Nations Iroquois
Five Nations Iroquois
o Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida and Mohawk
o Compact confederacy
o 50 league chiefs
o Ultra-democratic
Each chief had a veto power, everyone had a say
o Fought in the name of the league to give the impression that more
were coming to support them even though they seldom fought
together
o Tuscarora from Georgia ran into problems with the British, became
the sixth nation when they moved to the north
Now officially the Six Nations, circa 1720
Not until after the War of 1812 that peace is settled
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Document Summary

Lecture 2 part 1 native north america: majority were algonquian speaking peoples in eastern canada at contact. Only about 500 algonquin people: different traditions within language families, many different languages within each language family. 50 languages spoken in canada at contact, underestimation: second largest group was inuit, fits in with eskimo-aleut, unknown what language the natives of newfoundland spoke. Became extinct in 1829 with the death of shawnadithit. Where the term red indian came from. Had a practice of painting their entire bodies with red: names that the people called themselves usually meant the people clay (ochre) in their language or dialect. Stadacona: old st. lawrence iroquois town, modern day quebec city. Hochelaga: old st. lawrence iroquois town, modern day montreal. Huron: very compact confederacy, 5 confederacies, all sedentary, agriculturalists, approximately 12,000 people, eventually wiped out by the five nations iroquois. Five nations iroquois: seneca, cayuga, onondaga, oneida and mohawk, compact confederacy, 50 league chiefs, ultra-democratic.

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