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Lecture 5

History 2201E Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Sovereign Council Of New France, Jean Talon, User Fee

Course Code
HIS 2201E
Linda Sabathy- Judd

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Lecture 5 Part 1 Development of New France
Seigneurial System of Land Tenure
o How the people divided up the land
o Company of New France given large amounts of land from the French
king, gave the company monopoly in the trade
o Not many people wanted to go to the New World
o Same system that was used in France, slightly adjusted
o Large amounts of land are given out by a landlord to more people,
called Seigneurs
Pieces of land given are called seigneuries
o Problems: Canadian Shield to the north and the Iroquois in the south
o Focused around Quebec and Montreal, never colonized any farther
west than Montreal
o Size of the land wasn’t important, access to the St. Lawrence was the
most important
o Had to pay a small fee, about 1/5 of what the land was worth
o Seigneur kept the largest piece of land for himself, called the domain
o Habitants were granted smaller pieces of the seigneury
o Also shared common land, called “abouts”
o Prevents creation of large, landed estates
o Granted land to the church on each seigneury to create a parish
o No villages in New France
o Seigneur has to swear fealty to the king, build a manor house and a
grist mill
o Had to provide updates on his seigneury to the governor
Had to report number of oak trees very precious wood
Minerals belonged to the Company of New France and the King
o Rights and responsibilities of the habitants
Had to pay a small fee for the land
Had to work on the domain as well
Had to pay user fee for the grist mill
Solidly Catholic
o French Protestants not allowed to be part of colonialism, but the
Huguenots owned the ships and many ports
o 1659: Bishop Laval the first French bishop
Friend of the Jesuits
Ultra-montain: beyond the mountains, answers directly to
Rome and not the King of France
o Education based on the Jesuit education math, philosophy, no
sciences or anything practical
Social Atmosphere
o Peaceful, people happy
o Accepted the fact that the church represented authority
o Based on the fur trade, but most of the profit goes to France
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