History 2201E Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Canadian Identity, Canadian Nationalism, Breadbasket

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Published on 21 Jun 2012
School
Western University
Department
History
Course
History 2201E
Lecture 11 Part 2 Confederation
Confederation
o Confederation agreed upon, 72 resolutions on how it should
happen/work
o McDonald was almost the sole authour of the Resolutions
o Resolutions:
1. Give the federal government much greater powers than the
federal government had in the United States
Cannot give the provinces too much say, unlike the US,
problem during the American Revolution
o Drafted and approved fairly quickly in Province of Canada, ran into
problems in the Maritimes
PEI and Newfoundland rejected all of them
Anti-confederation movement starts in the Maritimes/Atlantic
provinces
Joseph Howe finally spoke up, absolutely against confederation
Don’t need a federal government and 5 provincial
governments to govern 4 million people
Confederation would never work, stressed the French
Canadian factor
o End of the American Civil War in 1865
Americans pulled the plug on the Reciprocity Treaty
Why?
Out of spite to Britain for supporting the South?
Unlikely
Just fought the most costly war in their history, make
most of their money on import tariffs
Britain happy to get out of it, colonies beginning to
become expensive
o British North America Act: July 1, 1867
Canada West becomes Ontario
Canada East becomes Quebec
Only 4 provinces confederated: Ontario, Quebec, New
Brunswick and Nova Scotia
British Columbia dragging its feet: made it a condition that it
would join confederation provided they got a railway line
connecting them
United States had just purchased Alaska in June 1867,
convinces British Columbia more
1871: British Columbia joins confederation
1873: PEI joins providing the federal government provides
them with a ferry
Newfoundland stays out of confederation until the 20th century
Ottawa becomes the capital of Canada
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Document Summary

Lecture 11 part 2 confederation: confederation agreed upon, 72 resolutions on how it should happen/work, mcdonald was almost the sole authour of the resolutions, resolutions: Give the federal government much greater powers than the federal government had in the united states. Cannot give the provinces too much say, unlike the us, problem during the american revolution: drafted and approved fairly quickly in province of canada, ran into problems in the maritimes. Pei and newfoundland rejected all of them. Anti-confederation movement starts in the maritimes/atlantic provinces. Joseph howe finally spoke up, absolutely against confederation. Don"t need a federal government and 5 provincial governments to govern 4 million people. Confederation would never work, stressed the french: end of the american civil war in 1865. Americans pulled the plug on the reciprocity treaty. Just fought the most costly war in their history, make most of their money on import tariffs.

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