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Lecture 12

History 2201E Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Fort Battleford, Lake Mcdonald, Sentenced


Department
History
Course Code
HIS 2201E
Professor
Linda Sabathy- Judd
Lecture
12

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Lecture 12 Part 4 Westward Expansion
Métis Rebellion
o Policed by the Northwest Mounted Police
o Same thing happened as it did in the Red River Settlement surveyors
didn’t see the Métis as claiming the land for themselves
o Plains tribes fighting for themselves and their interests as well
Buffalo have disappeared, widespread disease, etc.
o Even Europeans that live out there are unhappy
o Sitting Bull brings many more people into Canada after the Battle of
Little Big Horn and seek refuge after the avenging Americans after the
slaughter of General Custer and his men
Louis Riel
o Returns to Canada in 1864
o Convicted of the murder of Thomas Scott
o Ran and won a seat in Manitoba, didn’t take it though
o Sensible Riel: wanted to stay in the United States and to work with
the American Métis people
o Radical Riel: wanted to come back to Canada and complete the job he
didn’t finish (liberating his people)
Wanted to organize a military invasion of Manitoba
Tried to create an alliance between the Plains natives and the
Métis
o Prophetic Riel: has visions and revelations, tried to change the
Sabbath, took it as a sign of God that he was asked to come back to
Canada
Started to call himself David
Preparing the world for the apocalypse
Gets into trouble with the Catholic Church, eventually
excommunicated and formed his own church
o Riel’s demands for Saskatchewan territory
Provincial status of Saskatchewan territory
Elected government
French language schools
Control of natural resources
More favourable land terms for Métis
More consideration for plight of Natives
Railway line to link CPR to Hudson Bay
Lower railroad tariffs
o Riel and his followers seize the church in Batoche 1885 and declares a
provisional government there
Puts Gabriel Dumont as the head of the army
Could not claim a political vacuum
Loses the support of whites and the church
Crowfoot remains neutral, Big Bear and Poundmaker support
Riel
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