History 2201E Lecture Notes - Giovanni Da Verrazzano, John Cabot, John Rut

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Published on 27 Sep 2012
Department
Lecture 3 September 19, 2012
Explorations & Contacts II
John Day, Bristol, England, 1480s
o Hired by merchant companies
o Bristol is a shipping port with many merchants who invest in explorations
o Day talks about being sent by merchants of Bristol to Isle of Brasile
o Day was on a boat carrying salt, which means that the ship was out looking for fish
o Wrote a letter about Cabot, claiming that he (not Cabot) was the first to discover America
Giovanni Caboto, 1490s
o Son of a merchant
o Father was a trade in spices
o 1490: moves to Spain
Maybe because he wanted to be involved in the early explorations
Spain was not interested in him because they had Columbus
o 1490: approaches England and goes to Bristol to the merchants who have the money to back
his trip
Approach King Henry IV
Wants to go around the north coast because Columbus went down the south coast
o 1496: king gives Cabot the go-ahead
First trip is in this year
Trip was a failure
Had disagreement with the crew
Bad weather
Not enough food
Didn’t make it all the way before turning back
o 1497: tries again and makes it to around Newfoundland area
Back in England Aug 6
Explored for approx a month
Found the Grand Bank on the coast of Newfoundland where there are many fishes
Left but never came back
Some say he shipwrecked on the coast of Newfoundland
Others say he was taken by Aboriginals
Treaty de Tordesillas 1494
o Portuguese negotiated a treaty with Spain that would draw a line north and south
o Gave Portuguese the right to claim Newfoundland as part of their land
Joao Alvares Fagundes, 1520
o Found Newfoundland too cold
o Went around the coast of Nova Scotia into the Bay of Fundy
o Portugal gave him the right to all the lands we found
Corte-Real
o Two unsuccessful attempts
o Portugal believed that Newfoundland area was not a place to settle in but was great for
fishing
Giovanni de Verrazzano, 1520s
o France has a larger population and more money than other European countries, as well as
more seaports
o Magellan comes back to Spain and there is an increase interest
o King wants de Verrazzano to do a exploration
o First trip they make to the bay of Nova Scotia
o Second trip they head more south towards N and S Carolina before heading up north on the
coast
Estevao Gomes, 1525
o Portugese mapmaker and explorer
o Was on the exploration with Magellan
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Document Summary

Giovanni caboto, 1490s: son of a merchant, father was a trade in spices, 1490: moves to spain. Maybe because he wanted to be involved in the early explorations. Spain was not interested in him because they had columbus: 1490: approaches england and goes to bristol to the merchants who have the money to back his trip. Wants to go around the north coast because columbus went down the south coast: 1496: king gives cabot the go-ahead. Didn"t make it all the way before turning back: 1497: tries again and makes it to around newfoundland area. Found the grand bank on the coast of newfoundland where there are many fishes. Some say he shipwrecked on the coast of newfoundland. Others say he was taken by aboriginals. Treaty de tordesillas 1494: portuguese negotiated a treaty with spain that would draw a line north and south, gave portuguese the right to claim newfoundland as part of their land.

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