History 2201E Lecture Notes - Anthony Henday, Joseph Frobisher, Simon Mctavish

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Published on 30 Oct 2012
Western University
History 2201E
The Northwest and the Fur Trade
Henry Hudson, 1610
Englishman looking for the Northwest Passage
Come across a large bay in 1610
Pierre-Esprit Radisson and Medard Chouart, Sieur des Groseilliers
Did not get a licence before going into the interior and was charged upon return
Found a new fur trade
1668: take their Nonsuch and head back to the Hudson Bay
1669: go back to England to show the king that this fur trade is a good idea
Result: 1670 King Louis gives Hudson Bay a monopoly on trade and ownership of trade
Place known as Rupert’s Land
Rupert is Louis’s cousin who provided financial assistance
Rene-Robert Cavelier de la Salle
Government need to send out new explorers to develop relationships with Natives to get middlemen
1670: goes down Ohio River into Ohio Valley (First Nations living there are strong French allies)
Officials of New France have a meeting about what to do with the fur trade
Concern during 1670 is how to get people to settle on the exterior because they were more interested in going
into the interior to participate in the fur trade
Church is worried that fur traders are having relationships with First Nation women
Conge System
25 licences will be given per year to allow people to go into the interior
Allows those with licences one canoe and three men
Limits how far they can travel and how much they can bring back
1691: significance: encourage those already in the interior to come back because they don’t have a licence
System is disregarded
People that get these licences know those involved in issuing the licences
Punishment set up for those going into the interior without a licence
Hard to enforce (because if individuals left but never came back)
Legal fur trader
1/3 of traders are legal
Courier des bois
1696: King Louis ends trading but it still goes on anyway
Training licences are no longer issued
Any item that was reflective was highly valued - showed status
Hudson Bat is compact because they are on the edge of the water and First Nations bring them the fur and require
transportation to carry them into the interior
Less staff needed to be sent out to posts because there are less posts
Compared to the French, they were going out and making contacts with the First Nations
First Nations aren’t going to come to them, nor are they doing to go to the First Nations
1730s: French aren’t respecting the boundaries of Rupert’s Land and going into the interior illegally
Anthony Henday is sent out in 1753
Hudson Bay company realizes that they need to expand themselves
Job is to see where the Hudson Bay’s new posts could be established (interior, away from the Hudson Bay)
October 22, 2012
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