History 2201E Lecture Notes - Scottish People, Royal Proclamation Of 1763, James Wolfe

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Published on 30 Oct 2012
Department
The Conquest of New France
7 Years War
Breaks out 2 years before it does in Europe
Other wars start in Europe before the New World
Need to strengthen the relations between Natives and some French living in the heavily wooded areas
Governor of France decides to construct a road between Ohio Valley and Fort Duquesne - a colony decision, not
motherland
Decides to give gifts to the Natives as a symbol gesture of political alliance
Natives take this a sign that the French are only looking to expand themselves rather than maintaining/
creating a good working relationship
Virginia governor does not like this idea of the road construction
French and English retaliation
English have advantage over French - more people living in the 13 colonies than French in New France, more
military support in Europe, more organized - but they don’t do very well at the beginning
French is unsure if they should be protecting the St. Lawrence area
French and Natives do well at the beginning
English attack Forts Niagara
Colonial militia are attacking but most decide to leave
Next, try to attack Saint Frederic - both sides retreat so nothing happens
English are only successful at Port Beausejour (Acadia)
When English take over, many Acadians are deported
William Pitt - need to come up with a new plan since the original wasn’t working
Takes over New France
Spends more men, money
1776: takes over Louisbourg first because it is the entrance to the St. Lawrence, which allows access to
Quebec City
French lose Ohio Valley because they do not have enough military to cover a large piece of land
1759: decides that is the year Quebec City is going to attack (Quebec City at this time is doing very well
because of the blockade in Europe and so many military men and Natives are conjugating there because of the
war)
Plains of Abraham
P of A is just outside of Quebec
James Wolfe is the commander that took Louisbourg
Wolfe has 2500 people lining up on the P of A
Battle is quick (30 mins)
Wolfe and Montcalm died short thereafter
English take over Quebec City
French army can’t get back up because of the blockade in Europe
Try to get back Quebec City the following year but fail
In St. John, Newfoundland, the French try one more time at the Battle of Signal Hill
End of the war in Americas but continues for a couple of more years in Europe
Articles of Capitulation
Negotiated after the fall of Quebec City to outline what is going to happen afterwards
Treaty of Paris
French could not keep Port Royal
Ohio Valley
French ports are taken over by the English
1761: British start occupying this area
Have to rely on the Natives for food
Natives in return want gun and gun powder
English that the mercy of Natives
Few French fur traders are still there
Pontiac’s War, 1763
Tries to round out Natives around Ohio to push out the British
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