History 2201E Lecture Notes - Nicolas Denys, Isaac De Razilly

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Published on 30 Oct 2012
Western University
History 2201E
Newfoundland & Acadia
By 1600: Spanish fishery dies out
Portugal and Spain become one country in the late 1500s
French and Britain left to fight over the area (peninsula for fisheries)
2 ways people are preserving cod:
Wet/green cure - on ship
Putting salt
Dry cure - on land
May be willing to fight with other groups to get a better location to the water to fish
Spain has become a market because they are not fishing
English do mostly the dry cure because they’re selling to Spain
French and British are fighting for fishes on land
Sir Humphrey Gilbert, 1583
Given a patent by the queen
If you have settlements, you have competition for fishing
Puts up a pillar and drowns on the way home
England is fighting with Spain during this time, so settling is not a priority
Early settlement experiments
Charter colonies - London & Bristol Co. - Cupids
Allowed to settle in the New World and bring over settlement but must pay for it
Cupids was not a successful company
Proprietary colonies
Government gives two individuals the right to bring people to settle
Sir William Vaughan/Renews
Given the right to settle
Walsh lawyer
Thinking more about settlement - thinking Newfoundland would be a place for those with economic
situation to come to
Is not very success so he transfers his land to Baltimore
Lord Baltimore/Avalon at Ferryland
Wants to found Avalon (town of Sarnia)
Motivation was that he was Catholic (Catholicism was not accepted at the time)
Wanted people to come and practice religious tolerance
Calls Newfoundland a miserable place
Establishes the state of Maryland where he establishes a place for Roman Catholics to come practice
their religion free of persecution
Settlements don’t work because farming land is more in the interior of the country
They were settling on the coast
Want to settle on the coast because that’s where the fishes are
Some that are moving are intending to move to New England, not Newfoundland
Royal colony - Plaisance or Placentia
French are also trying to settle
Around the same time that New France has settled and started developing an economic system
Fishing admiralty system
Government system
Changes every year because the captain of the ship that lands is in charge
Got first choice - select the best
Gets to assign what ships get what area
Has to maintain order of his and all the other ships
Only have fishermen, no military on board - difficult to maintain order
First Western Charter, 1634
Newfoundland Act, 1699
Sets up a system of judges
October 10, 2012
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