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HIS 2301E (100)
Lecture

Lecture 41 – Origins of the Cold War


Department
History
Course Code
HIS 2301E
Professor
Aldona Sendzikas

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Lecture Origins of the Cold War
Post WWII
o End of isolationism
o Fear of another surprise attack
o Mistake American had made: not joining the League of Nations
Collective security
o Appeasement: have to stand up to aggression right away
Military action
o New faith in as well as fear of new technological developments
E.g. atomic bomb
o Needs to learn how to cope with being a nuclear power
o 1949: Soviet Union develops its own bomb
How could it be god’s weapon if he gave it to the communists?
o Formed uneasy alliance with the Soviets during WWII, based on
common enemy
o Truman only vice president for a few months before FDR died
o Wasn’t told about the atomic bomb, uneasy relations with Stalin, etc.
o 1945-1952: US conducted over 300 nuclear tests
o Fear of America being the victim of being bombed
“Duck and Cover”
o Interventionism
Joining the United Nations
“Containment” – George F. Kennan
o “Mr. X”
o Suggested that the way to coexist with the Soviets was through
containment
o Had to oppose the expansion of communism
The Truman Doctrine
o Support from the United States to countries suffering from oppression
from outside powers and are fighting for freedom
The Marshall Plan
o George Marshall Secretary of State
o ERP: European Recovery Plan, more commonly known as the Marshall
Plan
o Plan to send American financial aid to Europe to help rebuild after the
war
The Berlin Airlift
o Yalta Conference: defeated Germany divided into four zones, occupied
by the Americans, Soviets, British and French
East and West Berlin divided by the wall
o Wanted to keep Germany weak
o Soviets tried to force all other powers out of Berlin
o To get good to the people of Berlin, they flew over 2 million tones of
supplies to help the people
Americans and British Royal Air Force
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