Published on 2 Mar 2012
Department
Professor
Lecture 36 Feb 27, 2012
Education and Thought (cont’d)
*Medieval Bibliography Web Site to help with 3rd essay
Universities arose from guilds that brought together people with like-minded interests
Out of various informal origins, developed centre of medieval thought
Bologna studied law
Paris philosophy and theology were studied
Oxford and Cambridge formed by scholars who migrated to England from Paris
Over time these places became institutionalized
o Rich individuals (princes, religious leaders) patronized these places
Give house to set of students or teachers (origin of colleges)
Private contract between student and teacher
o Student paid teacher for lessons
o Lessons were usually consisted of teacher reading out a book
o Book would be accompanied by commentary by precessdors and teacher would
make his own comments
To be admitted to university, student was expected to prove his ability to read and write in
Latin
o To be literate meant to be able to read and write in Latin
o Admitted at age ~17
o Trivium studied logic, rhetoric, grammar
o Quadrivium geometry, music, astrometry, arithmetic
o *Known as the 7 liberal arts
o Process known as “hearing a book”
At Paris, when student had heard two books on grammar and five on logic, would earn
Bachelor of Arts
o Student would then become an advisor
o Required to study the other liberal arts (the latter 4)
o Could pursue a Master of Arts
Student expected to read on his own
Candidate for a degree was expected to take an oath promising he has read
the number of books required
Could pursue career in teaching or continue learning in that particular field
Idea of students debating on an issue was common
Works of Aristotle had been lost in Western Europe
o People knew of him but did not have the originals
o Arab world had translated versions
o Became a major component in Islamic philosophy
o It was reintroduced in the gradual conquest by Christian kingdoms from the N
As they took over former Muslim Iberia, came into contact with intellectuals
Belief that the universe had no beginning and no end
o Comes to odds with the Bible where there is a belief of the beginning of the world
and the end of the world
o Aristotle held that the soul was mortal and when we die, the soul dies with us
Difficult to reckon with Christian thought
Provoked difficulty with Church
o When Aristotle’s original work was read again in the W, people were interested but
felt that these problems needed to be addressed
1210: Church near Harris banned Aristotle’s work from University of Paris
No indication that people actually followed this
1231: Gregory claimed that an investigation should be launched to
see if there is any value to Aristotle’s work
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