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Lecture 10

History 2403E Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Huldrych Zwingli, Sola Gratia, Sola Scriptura

Course Code
HIS 2403E
Jeffrey Temple

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November 14th, 2017
Zwingli and The Radical Reformation
- How was Luther misunderstood in terms of theologically, social life and politically?
Theological Level
- The Roman Catholic Clergy (1521)
o Saw then the risk of millions of churches
Protestants: Christians but not Catholics
Ulrich Zwingli
- Reformed / Evangelical
- Zurich
o Switzerland doesn’t exist yet
o Has powerful independent cities
A political unit
o Forms a territory called Switzerland later on
o Zurich becomes a centre of power and opposition of Rome
Is the second city of the reformation
- Ulrich Zwingli (1484-1531)
o Zwingli is educated as a humanist
o Luther publishes tracts in 1521
- Glarus
o Zwingli’s job: a parish priest and army chaplain
o Switzerland and Scotland: greatest influx of mercenaries
- Erasmus
o Erasmus is the smartest individual in western Europe
o Correlated and standardized a new edition of the Greek new testament
Critical to Martin Luther
o Zwingli meets Erasmus in Glarus
o Zwingli concludes the same things as Luther
Both reject merit theology, the hierarchy/structure of sacramental Rome
and replace it with sola fide, sola scriptura and sola gratia
o 3 main differences
Luther: through extreme, emotional/internal turmoil and upheaval
Zwingli: intellectually, through studying
same conclusions but different paths
1. What they find in the bible
both say the bible is the only authority in the lives of Christians
Luther: gives a blueprint for reforming the south and the church
o bible doesn’t tell you how to build a wider community,
state and church are fundamentally different entities (divine
influence), with no direct relationship with each other
o god looks at us as individuals
find more resources at
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