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Lecture 19

History 2403E Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Erasmus, Greek Alphabet, Phlegm

Course Code
HIS 2403E
Jeffrey Temple

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March 6, 2018
Early Modern Medicine
- Humanism
o To reclaim the knowledge of the classical word
o Because they believed Greeks and romans represented the absolute epitome of
human knowledge and accomplishment
o Savaged libraries and collections; getting every books of texts
Made a list of errors
Work backwards in time to get accuracy and editions of the text
- Desiderius Erasmus (1466-1536) chief humanist’ scholar
o Brought back the Greek language as the basic building block of intellectual
o All serious academic pursuit required Greek as its basis
- Greek New Testament (1516)
o Very accurate version
o Published in 1516
o Profound impact on Luther: read romans 1:17 new understanding of
o Also impacted medicine
- Aldus Manutius
o Importance: in his printing shop, the greek script was mechanically scripted for
the history of the world
o Revolutionized the education and academic inquiry landscape
o The medical writings of the greek physicians were now accessible to European
- Galen (C. 120-C.201 A.D.)
o Humours
o We know about Hippocrates because of him
- Hippocrates
o Body has 4 humours
Liquids: black bile, yellow bile, blood and phlegm
Each one has a temperature and moisture coefficient associated
Blood: hot and wet
o Doctor needs to keep them balanced
o Living in a state of equilibrium
Need to determine which humour was out of rack
o Focused on diet the lifestyle of the person
Straightforward process counterbalancing process
Explain menustration
Bertand’s reaction from Martin – Jean de Coras running courtroom like
the Romans
See’s woman in a certain way
Elizabeth does the same thing and manipulates
Roman law, medicine
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