History 3415E Lecture Notes - Austria-Hungary

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Published on 22 Apr 2013
School
Western University
Department
History
Course
History 3415E
October 20, 2012
3415 E
Bismarck consolidates the act of unity. Divides people whenever they try to stand
against him
- Germans are divided along religious lines
- Had to deal with diff cultures: poles & French
- Economic downturn
- Rids liberals by:
o Anti socialist parties
o Tariff laws
- Secularizes the education system
- Kulturekampf- take away control of the catholic clergy, Marriages become
state duty
Aspects of Unity:
- Common currency
- Weighs and measures- facilitates free exchange
- Laws
- Universalizes Railways
- German army (mostly Prussian but still federal)
- Imperial civil service (“)
- Universal elementary education
Bismarck’s foreign policy
- Bad Kissingen Decree (1877)
o 3 choices:
o Compensate powers for prussia territorial gains- Faced with land
powers: France & Russia- NO
Can’t fight both, needs to be wary of an alliance between the
two of them
Acquiring territories is not possible for Germany- neither will
let that happen
o Semi- hedemony- NO
“when there are 5 be one of 3”- Five great powers, be one of
the three (Austria- Hungary, Germany, British, France, Russia)
britian is trying to keep the balance of powers, Germany
cannot build a fleet
France and Germany will never be allies- border questions
(Alsace Lorraine)
Will embark on Germnay and take back Alsace Lorraine
o Preserve status quo-Britain intent on maintain balance- YES
- The Plan:
o Isolate France Diplomatically
o Web of alliances radiating out of Berlin
- The lynchpin:
o Will on be successful if they van secure an alliance with:
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Document Summary

Divides people whenever they try to stand against him. Had to deal with diff cultures: poles & french. Rids liberals by: anti socialist parties, tariff laws. Kulturekampf- take away control of the catholic clergy, marriages become state duty. German army (mostly prussian but still federal) Bad kissingen decree (1877: 3 choices, compensate powers for prussia territorial gains- faced with land powers: france & russia- no. Can"t fight both, needs to be wary of an alliance between the two of them. Acquiring territories is not possible for germany- neither will let that happen: semi- hedemony- no. When there are 5 be one of 3 - five great powers, be one of the three (austria- hungary, germany, british, france, russia) Britian is trying to keep the balance of powers, germany cannot build a fleet. France and germany will never be allies- border questions (alsace lorraine) Will embark on germnay and take back alsace lorraine: preserve status quo-britain intent on maintain balance- yes.

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