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Colonialism - The Seven Years War - roots of the American Revoltuion.docx

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Department
History
Course Code
History 1401E
Professor
Terry Webb

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Colonialism  • Naval Campaigns th • Post Louis 14 no money for French to defend colonial possessions • British take India West Indies • 15,000 – 20,000 England Sent and they now own a large portion of the continent • British had the largest and best-trained navy in the world • What the British were working on was a theory of mercantilism • Theory explains there is a finite amount of wealth on earth • Every economic exchange has a winner and a looser • Ships built – etc. in order to support the trading in the colonies • French economy will Plateau and decline • William Pitt was prime mister and rewarded for this • The Seven Years' War was a world war that took place between 1754 and 1763 with the main conflict being in the seven-year period 1756–1763. It involved most of the great powers of the time and affected Europe, NorthAmerica, Central America, the WestAfrican coast, India, and the Philippines. In the historiography of some countries, the war is alternatively named after combatants in the respective theatres: the French and Indian War (NorthAmerica, 1754–63); Pomeranian War (with Sweden and Prussia, 1757–62); Third Carnatic War (on the Indian subcontinent, 1757–63); and Third Silesian War (with Prussia and Austria, 1756–63). • The war was driven by the antagonism between Great Britain (in personal royal union with the principality of Hanover in Germany) and the Bourbon Dynasty (in France and Spain), resulting from overlapping interests in their colonial and trade empires, and by the antagonism between the Hohenzollern Dynasty (in Prussia) and Habsburg Dynasty (with their Holy Roman Emperors and archdukes in Austria), resulting from territorial and hegemonial conflicts in the Holy Roman Empire. The Diplomatic Revolution established an Anglo-Prussian alliance, allied with some smaller German states and later Portugal, as well as an Austro-French camp, allied with Sweden, Saxony and later Spain. The Russian Empire left its offensive alliance with the Habsburgs upon the succession of Peter III in 1762, and like Sweden concluded a separate peace with Prussia. The war ended with the peace treaties of Paris (Bourbon France and Spain, and the Georgian/Hanoverian Dynasty in Great Britain) and of Hubertusburg (German Hohenzollerns, Habsburgs, Saxon elector) in 1763. The war was characterized in Europe by sieges and arson of towns as well as open battles involving extremely heavy losses; overall, some 900,000 to 1,400,000 people died. • Great Britain expelled its French and Spanish rivals in the contested overseas territories, gaining the bulk of New France in eastern Canada, Spanish Florida, some individual Caribbean islands in the West Indies, the colony of Senegal on the WestAfrican coast an
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