History - Oct 9
Mid-Term: Oct 23 rd
China: The Song Dynasty
After Confucianism has been incorporated in their daily lives is when they begin to study
Governmental officials are chosen based on their: Virtue, then knowledge of the classics,
ability to govern and last writing ability.
Woman were diversified in what they could do in Song times such as women could learn
to read with their brothers, own property and become a nun.
Women were able to remarry
Foot binding began during the Song dynasty but it was not recommended by Confucian
teachers. It was a woman’s effort to beautify herself.
Binding feet – fortified the gender role because women couldn’t walk well so they had to
stay in the house. Also, represented beauty and stature.
Ancestors of Korea spoke Ultra-Altaic; unrelated to Chinese
Emperor Wudi of the Han Dynasty conquered Choson (northern Korea)
The rest of Korea was controlled by local tribes
After the Chinese rule collapse 3 states in Korea emerged: Silla, Paekche and Koguryo
(maintains relations with northern Chinese States for technology)
Koguryo – adopted Confucian classics and Chinese style code of law
Paekche – establishes relations by sea with Eastern Jin (Northern part) and sends an
embassy to China. Also, established Confucianism.
Silla – is farther away from China and are therefore less developed than Koguryo and
Paekche. But later made contact with China and adopted Confucianism and the Chinese
Koguryo and Pae