Class Notes (807,344)
Canada (492,711)
History (2,081)

History Lecture 05 - Oct 12.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Western University
History 1601E
Carl Young

HISTORY 1601E October 12th, 2010 HISTORY – LECTURE 05 SOURCE READING ASSIGNMENT… Tuesday, October 26th – title page with TA’s name POLITICAL DIVISION IN CHINA AND THE SPREAD OF BUDDHISM… Three Kingdoms… o Wei—led by Cao Cao’s descendants o Shu Han—founded by Liu Bei and centered in Sichuan, high in agriculture o Wu—founded by Sun Quan and centered in southern China o Wars between the kingdoms would last 50 years The Six Dynasties… (in south, native Chinese) o Brief reunification under the Northern Jin dynasty but disintegrates in 290 o Chinese aristocratic families retreat to the area south of the Yangzi River o Six dynasties ruled mainly from the southern city of Nanjing between 316 and 589 CE o Dynasties were ethnic Chinese, but large areas still inhabited by aboriginal peoples The Sixteen Kingdoms… (in north, non-Chinese people) o China north of the Yangzi subjected to a large series of barbarian invasions o Series of kingdoms, most ruled by non-Chinese nomadic conquerors o Most attempted to conform themselves to Chinese culture and administration, like language, writing and even Confucianism o Ended when the Tuoba people unite northern China under the Northern Wei dynasty in 439 CE Instability… o In the south, central government was weak o Real power in the hands of wealthy aristocrats o In the north, tensions among non-Chinese peoples over Sinification (becoming Chinese) o Many Chinese fled south rather than be ruled by barbarians The Rise of Buddhism in China… o This period of disunity was also the period that Buddhism became influential in China o Growing disillusionment with Confucianism during the decline of the Han o Rise in poplar and philosophical Daoism o Search for supernatural purpose in life o Daoism provided bridgehead for rise of Buddhism Concepts in Indian Religions… o Buddhism comes from India HISTORY 1601E October 12th, 2010 o Reincarnation o Karma—law of consequences o Samsara—cycle of birth, death and rebirth o Atman—individual soul o Brahman—Ultimate Reality, the World-Soul, sat (Being) Who was the Buddha? … o Original name was Siddharta Gautama, prince of the Shakya tribe. Lived around 600 BCE. His birth was prophesized to his parents, and his father attempted to keep him locked up in order to keep him safe, shielded from bad things in life. He eventually escapes and sees a sick person, an old person, and a funeral pyre for a dead person. o Preoccupied with the question of human suffering and how to stop it. In his twenties he rejects his princely life and sets out to answer his question. o Wanders for many years o Sits under a tree and achieves enlightenment, becoming a Buddha, or enlightened one The Four
More Less

Related notes for History 1601E

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.