Class Notes (835,130)
Canada (508,949)
History (2,137)
Lecture 14

History 1810E The Vietnam War - Lecture 14.docx

5 Pages
Unlock Document

History 1810E
Margaret Mc Glynn

History 1810E The Vietnam War Wednesday February 26 Lecture 14 Revolutionary Origins: You say you want a Revolution Outline: I. Ho Chi Minh II. The Wilsonian Moment III. The Revolutionary Youth League IV. Con Dau Prison V. The Viet Minh a. The August Revolution *You are responsible for the reading in the Lawrence textbook Ho Chi Minh, 1919 • Ho Chi Minh was born around 1890 in northern Vietnam • He left Vietnam in 1911 and travelled the world (North Africa, New York, Boston, London, Paris, Moscow, Hong Kong) o He didn’t return until 1941 • When he was in Paris (shortly after trying to contact Woodrow Wilson) he lived with Phan Chu Trinh • Phan Chu Trinh thought they could learn from the French, but Ho Chi Minh thought they had to be driven out of the country • While in France, Ho Chi Minh wrote editorials for left-wing newspapers critiquing French imperialism and advocating Vietnamese independence. o He argued that rather than a civilizing mission, the French only brought misery. Instead of educating the Vietnamese, the French were indoctrinating them • Ho Chi Minh was aware of what was going on outside of Vietnam o He argued that the Vietnamese had to be wary of some of their neighbours (particularly the Japanese, the only Asian power to defeat a European power, the Russians) o He was concerned that if they got the French out, the Japanese would easily be able to move in The Wilsonian Moment • During WWI, the Vietnamese were brought to fight for the Europeans o When they came to the Western front, they started to question the idea of Europeans as being civilized (Was it really a civilizing mission?) • After World War I, the major European cities were weaker than they were before o This offered the opportunity for resistance within the empire o eg. the uprising in Ireland in 1915 (an example of decolonization) • Wilson talked about self-determination, which resonated among colonial agitators • Nationalists from Egypt and other places were also trying to petition Woodrow Wilson to advocate for national self-determination (like Ho Chi Minh did) • The problem was that Woodrow Wilson was a racist o He segregated the whites, told dark jokes o When he was talking about self-determination, he was looking to the empires in Europe, not other places • The Wilsonian Moment was an opportunity for the third world to have an advocate in their corner fighting for national self-determination o Without Woodrow Wilson, these nationalists looked elsewhere and found VI Lenin VI Lenin • VI Lenin was opposed to the capitalist system • While in Paris, Ho Chi Minh was drawn to socialist politics (which was opposed to capitalism) o Socialists were more concerned with undermining, reforming, challenging, and transforming the capitalist system than the question of imperialism • For Ho Chi Minh, imperialism was the central problem • In the summer of 1920, Ho Chi Minh read Lenin’s Thesis on the National and Colonial Questions o Lenin understood that those people in the colonial world could be helpful for the revolution (unlike Marx who didn’t have time for those in the periphery) o He said that in the struggle to overthrow the capitalist system, Communist parties should associate with nationalist movements in colonialist areas o He thought the imperial project was putting off world revolution (and was strengthening the industrial powers, advancing the capitalist system) o If they could undermine imperialism, that would weaken the industrial nations and allow world revolution • This was a revelation for Ho Chi Minh and explained the problems the Vietnamese were facing, and it provided a potential solution • After reading this, Ho Chi Minh became a founding member of the French Communist Party • In 1925, Ho Chi Minh was sent by the Soviet Union to Hong Kong to advocate against imperialism The Revolutionary Youth League • While in Hong Kong, Ho Chi Minh established the Revolutionary Youth League, an organization that would trade youths in Hong Kong to organize a future Communist party • Ho Chi Minh didn’t believe the Vietnamese were prepared yet to form their own Communist party • They emphasized the national question: a 2-stage revolution for Vietnam o Stage 1: A national revolution  Get the French out  Establish Vietnamese independence o Stage 2: A socialist revolution • Ho Chi Minh thought this movement would relate to a lot of people, which Lenin had been advocating for (a lot of united people to overthrow the French) • The message was attractive to student radicals in Vietnam o These people had been taught the ideas of liberty, equality, and fraternity in the French school system (and weren’t satisfied with the French imperial project) o Ho Chi Minh provided them with an answer, and they were anxious for change • By the end of the 1920s, the French began to see the Revolutionary Youth League as the biggest threat to their control in Viet
More Less

Related notes for History 1810E

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.