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Lecture

Hoplites and Phalanxes

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Department
History
Course
History 2173
Professor
Barbara Murison
Semester
Fall

Description
Oct, 04, 2012 Hoplites and Phalanxes Hoplite: -Soldiers with spears and shields made up the majority of Greek forces -Liked to fight on flat ground because it was easier to stay in formation and battles were fought mainly between the city states of Greece -Earliest proof of Hoplite armour is from the 8th century BC that was found in a grave -Full Bronze Panoply costs 3 months wages so not all men could afford to armour themselves -Armour consisted of a bronze helmet, greaves (covering shins only), and a breast plate/cuirass/corset -At the age of 18 any all male citizens could be conscripted to the armies and they could be in the army until they are 60 and they were only called upon at wartime and if you were conscripted you could fight a battle and then go home not be called again for several years -In general battles went like this where the men would advance toward the enemy army, there would be a clash of arms, all would push, and one side collapses and the other wins Phalanx: -Line formation of hoplites where the right arm of each man holds the shield and protects the man next to them -A large number of men were over 30 and this was another reason battles were short and exhausting -Determination was to not to falter and leave a lethal gap in the line and this was the key to victory -Often battles were at prearranged times and places -Phalanx was made of a long block of soldiers many ranks deep (usually 4-8 ranks but Sparta used 12) -If a man in front of you falls you step forward and take his place -Generals of armies fought with the men to show leadership by example and to inspire with bravery -Greek phalanxes were loose and sloppy because the average soldier needed 6ft around him to swing his weapon -Only great phalanxes were the ones of Spartan soldiers because they were the only professional soldiers in Greece -Most phalanxes charged into battle but people ran at different speeds so to solve this problem the Spartans marched to flute music to allow everyone to stay in formation -Sparta put the most experienced or best soldiers in ranks of 4-8 and in the initial clash many would die -If not many men died the experienced men would hold firm and push forward with their shields to prevent the inexperienced in front from fleeing Carian: -In Southern Asia Minor across the Ae
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