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Lecture 10

Lecture 10 Part 2 – Path to Responsible Government

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History 2201E
Linda Sabathy- Judd

Lecture 10 Part 2 – Path to Responsible Government  Irresponsible government: the executive is not responsible to the people  See slides on government o Reformers win the majority of the Legislative Assembly in 1834  But still couldn’t get reforms through because of barriers between the Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council  Wrote a report and sent it to Britain to address the problem o Sir Francis Bond Head  Sent to sort things out  Disappointment as lieutenant governor as Upper Canada  Some think they mistook Sir Francis Bond Head for Sir Edmund Head  Took some of the reformers into his executive council, but didn’t listen to their advice; caused havoc in the Assembly  Refused to sign the Civil List  Dissolved the Assembly  Very inept as governor  True rebellion breaks out in Lower Canada  Bond Head sends troops from Upper Canada to quell the rebellion  Upper Canadian Rebellion o When the troops left for Lower Canada, Mackenzie took action o Met at Montgomery Tavern on December 7, 1837 to take over the government  Changed the date to December 4, but didn’t inform everyone  Much reduced number came to the tavern and went to Toronto  Robbed a bank, stole arms, stopped for lunch, etc.  Brief exchange of shots, ended the rebellion  Mackenzie fled to the United States and lived in exile for 10 years; warrant out for his arrest but never was arrested  Lower Canadian Rebellion o Much more serious, problems with the government and French Canadian-English conflicts  French Canadian nationalism rising to the surface  Problems with two different groups sharing one province o Radical and moderate reformers were mostly French Canadians, minority is the British conservatives who have most of the money o Patriotes/Sons of Liberty led by Joseph Louis Papineau  Against the fact that the Legislative and Executive Councils were dominated by the English Tories o Ninety-Two Resolutions of Grievances  More in depth report compared to what they got from Upper Canada  Lord Gosford sent to smooth things over  Proved to be too conciliatory  Not supposed to make any changes in colonial government  If Papineau wanted to get the British government on their side, they were mistaken  Lord Russell denied all the grievances; Britain came down heavy-handed on Lower Canada  If the Lower Canadian Assembly would not sign the Civil List, the Councils could take whatever money they wanted  Regular British troops were sent to prevent outbreak of violence  For several weeks in 1837, armed patriots controlled parts of
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