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Lecture 2

Lecture 2 Part 2 – European Contact

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History 2201E
Linda Sabathy- Judd

Lecture 2 Part 2 – European Contact  No permanent settlement until 1603, centuries of contact before  European goods arrived into interior Native communities before Europeans arrived - Protohistoric  Smallpox and other European diseases spread rampantly  Conflicting stories of what North America was like  Vikings: 1000 CE o L’Anse Aux Meadows the most permanent settlement  Dwellings, workshops, blacksmith, etc. o Came into contact with the Beothuk o May have intermarried, talk of tall, blond offspring o Vikings eventually left o Called the Beothuk Skraelings, meaning wild people o No European interest for almost 500 years, mostly because of the Crusades  Crusades o Holy wars against the spread of Islam from the Middle East o Main objective was to recapture Jerusalem o Many European nations involved: England, France, Spain, Portugal, Italy, etc. o Opened trade routes to the Orient with the voyage of Marco Polo o Constantinople the gateway to the Orient (India, China, etc.) o Good trade coming into Europe, boosted economy and naval power o 1453: Constantinople is retaken by the Ottoman Turks and the Orient is lost to Europe  Tried to get there by going west, rediscovered North America  European Contact o Spanish met the Aztecs and Incas, found lots of gold (what they were looking for) o French and English kept more north, didn’t find gold or other precious metals o Still wanted to find the northwest passage  Franklin Expedition in 1845  McClure Expedition in 1850  Amundsen Expedition 1903 the first successful trip  Early Explorers o John Cabot/Giovanni Cabotto  Financed by Henry VII  1497  Circles Newfoundland, gets to Anticosti Island, lands back in
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