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Lecture 5

Lecture 5 Part 1 – Development of New France

3 Pages

Course Code
History 2201E
Linda Sabathy- Judd

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Lecture 5 Part 1 – Development of New France  Seigneurial System of Land Tenure o How the people divided up the land o Company of New France given large amounts of land from the French king, gave the company monopoly in the trade o Not many people wanted to go to the New World o Same system that was used in France, slightly adjusted o Large amounts of land are given out by a landlord to more people, called Seigneurs  Pieces of land given are called seigneuries o Problems: Canadian Shield to the north and the Iroquois in the south o Focused around Quebec and Montreal, never colonized any farther west than Montreal o Size of the land wasn’t important, access to the St. Lawrence was the most important o Had to pay a small fee, about 1/5 of what the land was worth o Seigneur kept the largest piece of land for himself, called the domain o Habitants were granted smaller pieces of the seigneury o Also shared common land, called “abouts” o Prevents creation of large, landed estates o Granted land to the church on each seigneury to create a parish o No villages in New France o Seigneur has to swear fealty to the king, build a manor house and a grist mill o Had to provide updates on his seigneury to the governor  Had to report number of oak trees – very precious wood  Minerals belonged to the Company of New France and the King o Rights and responsibilities of the habitants  Had to pay a small fee for the land  Had to work on the domain as well  Had to pay user fee for the grist mill  Solidly Catholic o French Protestants not allowed to be part of colonialism, but the Huguenots owned the ships and many ports o 1659: Bishop Laval the first French bishop  Friend of the Jesuits  Ultra-montain: beyond the mountains, answers directly to Rome and not the King of France o Education based on the Jesuit education – math, philosophy, no sciences or anything practical  Social Atmosphere o Peaceful, people happy o Accepted the fact that the church represented authority  Economy o Based on the fur trade, but most of the profit goes to France o Little reinvested in New France o Perceived as a source of raw material for the mother country o Grow enough food to feed yourself and your family o Only about 3000 settlers in all of New France o Very little coin in New France o Government of France declared that coin in New France was worth 25% more than coin in France to increase cash flow  Didn’t work well in th
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