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Lecture 6

Lecture 6 Part 1 – 17th-18th Century Canada

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Western University
History 2201E
Linda Sabathy- Judd

Lecture 6 Part 1 – 17 -18 Century Canada  Jesuits lots strength in the colonies outside of Native territory th o Started to end by middle of the 17 century o Many converted to Roman Catholicism  Seven Nations develops o Seven settlements of various native tribes, not one cultural group o Moving closer to the church centers in Montreal and Quebec o Very important to the defense of Canada later  New trading post at Michililimackinac o Very important fort o Went between French and British o Started in 1671 as training/military post o Closed when they opened the Detroit port, eventually reopened o Didn’t think it was defensible enough, moved it to Michililimackinac Island  Allowed them to control Lakes Superior, Huron and Michigan  Steady migration westward o Moving into Native lands o Ohio Indian Confederacy  Melting pot of several different tribes  Eventually confederate into one nation  Eventually becomes he Northwestern Confederacy  French Colonies vs. British Colonies o French claim huge amounts of territory from Nova Scotia to the Gulf of Mexico o Two totally different societies, very different from each other o British confined to the eastern seaboard o Constricted by the Appalachian mountains o British colonials outnumber French colonials at least 20:1 o Economics very different between colonies  Fishing and shipbuilding in the north, logging and fur trade in the middle colonies, plantations in the south o No social barriers between British colonies, French colonies have barons, lords, etc. o Elections in the British colonies, authoritarian in New France o Religion: British colonies made up of Protestants, New France all Catholic  Warfare in the 18 Century o Fought both on land and at sea o Both France and Britain had a great navy o British have historically great navy, Louis XIV greatly increased French navy o Land fighting usually by European-type warfare, Natives used skulking/guerilla warfare th o Mid-18 century on, all wars were fought by professional soldiers o Mercenary armies hired to fight, not necessarily for their own country, militiamen fought to protect their towns, etc. o Guns were bulky, couldn’t fight in wet
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