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Lecture 12

Lecture 12 Part 1– Westward Expansion

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History 2201E
Linda Sabathy- Judd

Lecture 12 Part 1– Westward Expansion  McDonald realized that a policing force/authority was required in the provinces o Created the Northwest Mounted Police in 1873 o Soon became an invaluable force during westward expansion, especially at the Red River Settlement and policing the American whisky trade  The Numbered Treaties o Made with natives far before the creation of provincial boundaries o Ambiguity of the Royal Proclamation of 1763 didn’t make it clear where the boundary of British jurisdiction ended o Most plains tribes and Métis wanted to treat with the federal government  To keep enough land for themselves and preserve their way of life o Government not out to take native land, the treaties were not very clear  People didn’t fully understand what they were giving away/trading  Language and Native/European concepts of land ownership o Why would the Natives enter into these treaties?  Disease: many epidemics that are very similar to those that occurred in the east at contact  American westward expansion  Bison growing scarce  Sitting Bull: tried to get all th
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