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Lecture 13

Lecture 13 Part 4 – Canada and WWI

2 Pages
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Department
History
Course Code
History 2201E
Professor
Linda Sabathy- Judd

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Lecture 13 Part 4 – Canada and WWI  World War I: 1914-1918 o Tense political situation o Russia, France, Britain vs. Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy, Turkey o Causes  Ultra-Nationalism  Many different groups living in a small area under Habsburg rule (German)  Didn’t want to be ruled by Germans any more  Ethnic groups within Europe want to maintain their own government, language, religion, politics, etc. and be separate from the Austrian empire  Increased militarism  Naval race between Britain and Germany  Economic imperialism  European powers trying to get a slice of Africa o Europe a powder keg, waiting for a spark  Assassination of Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austro- Hungarian Empire by Gavrilo Princip (Serbia) was the spark needed  Chain reaction: Austria goes against Serbia, Russia mobilizes against Austria  Germany moves against Russia  Britain, France and Canada move against Germany and Austria o One of the biggest catastrophes of the modern world o Critical development in Canadian history  Left a permanent mark on political and economic development o With the burdens of the war comes rewards for Canada  Relationship between Canada and the empire changes: Canada becomes stronger  First step towards independence o Many Canadians quick to volunteer for the army, even the French Canadians and Natives o Great popular enthusiasm for the war  Young men had no idea what they were getting themselves into
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