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Lecture 13

Lecture 13 Part 1 – Late 19th Century Canada

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Western University
History 2201E
Linda Sabathy- Judd

Lecture 13 Part 1 – Late 19 Century Canada  The Depression of 1873 o Wheat exports down from 6 million bushels to 2 million bushels o Bacon from 10 million pounds to 4 million pounds o Butter from 15 million pounds to 2 million pounds o Problems:  Maritime ports losing out to Boston  Ontario and Quebec paying too much for the “have not provinces”  Relations between Ontario and Quebec bad because of hanging of Riel  All provinces had different complaints and started looking out for their own well-being  Based laws that would contravene federal laws: e.g. Manitoba passed a law that made it legal for another railroad company to have a railroad built to the Canadian-American border o Ottawa butting heads with the provinces over power  Federal vs. Provincial Power o Federal government had Federal Power of Disallowance  Allowed the federal government to overturn provincial legislation  1867-1898: federal government struck down 68 provincial laws that went against the federal government’s wishes  Constitution’s legality had yet to be confirmed by government  Honore Mercier: French nationalist, premier of Quebec  Unhappy with what the federal government  1887: held Interprovincial Conference to take on the federal government in certain issues  Entire C
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