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Lecture 14

Lecture 14 Part 1 - Wartime Economy in Canada During WWI

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History 2201E
Linda Sabathy- Judd

Lecture 14 Part 1 - Wartime Economy in Canada During WWI  Demand from Europe stimulated Canadian economy o Allies demanded food, grains, minerals, etc., Canada had to step up and help out o Canada leader in nickel exports  Nickel essential for armor piercing weapons as well as armour o Factories that had been idle after railway was finished, opened for munitions  Artillery shells made in Canada  Munitions produced increased from 4% to 40% o Industry Canada’s major export o Port activity increased (e.g. Halifax)  Lead to the Halifax Explosion  Government Controls the Economy o Imperial Munitions Board (IBM)  Established government-owned factories to produce munitions and materials  Produced by the private sectors including railroad workshops and small factories to produce heavy artillery shells o Munitions Resource Commission  Charged with researching how much Canada had in terms of minerals, what can be turned into war materials, etc.
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