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Lecture 2

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Western University
History 2201E
Michelle Hamilton

Lecture 2 September 17, 2012 Explorations and Contacts Fusang, c 210  A Chinese account that says that Chinese 300 convents went across the world to be a sacrifice to the volcano gods  Supposedly the volcano god had the power to make people immortal  Approx the coast of BC  First set of people that came back were unsuccessful because of the sea monster  Many accounts of people having gone overseas but never coming back  Accounts supposedly mention convents meeting First Nations o Domesticated cattle  Some descriptions from First People are accurate with the Chinese accounts  China was capable technologically at this point in time  Most believe this is folklore Folklores  St. Brendan the Navigator o Irish group of monks landed on what they thought was an island, which started moving o Turned out they were on top of a sea serpent o Explore ocean north of Ireland o St. Brendan born in 489  Built a boat and went on Atlantic Ocean looking for the Garden of Eden  On the North Atlantic for years  Find an island which has no inhabitant  Find an island full of birds that sing verses from the Bible  Find an island with monks living on it, who are immortal  Find Judas on an island sitting alone – apparently it was his punishment  Immram o Kind of story that was common around 500 about voyages and journeys  Promise Land of the Saints o Eventually find this island o Bring back to Ireland samples of the vegetation o 1970s: St. Brendan’s boat was recreated to prove that his journey was possible The Viking voyages  Based on archelogical evidence  First person we think and know of is Bjarni Herjolfsson, 986 AD o Had been blown west and might have sailed along the coast of Baffin Island  Didn’t think the Newfoundland area was worth exploring  Leif Eriksson, 1000 o Greenlander saga – the wrongful tales of Greenland o Comes from Greenland o Has 30 men with him and see the CA coast is good for vegetation and that fishing is possible o Find many salmon in the sea and lots of timber to cut down o Find grapes – Newfoundland (the land of wine) o Brought things back for ma
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