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oct 22

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Western University
History 2201E
Michelle Hamilton

October 22, 2012 The Northwest and the Fur Trade Henry Hudson, 1610 • Englishman looking for the Northwest Passage Come across a large bay in 1610 • Pierre-Esprit Radisson and Medard Chouart, Sieur des Groseilliers • Did not get a licence before going into the interior and was charged upon return • Found a new fur trade • 1668: take their Nonsuch and head back to the Hudson Bay • 1669: go back to England to show the king that this fur trade is a good idea • Result: 1670 King Louis gives Hudson Bay a monopoly on trade and ownership of trade • Place known as Rupert’s Land • Rupert is Louis’s cousin who provided financial assistance Rene-Robert Cavelier de la Salle • Government need to send out new explorers to develop relationships with Natives to get middlemen • 1670: goes down Ohio River into Ohio Valley (First Nations living there are strong French allies) • Officials of New France have a meeting about what to do with the fur trade • Concern during 1670 is how to get people to settle on the exterior because they were more interested in going into the interior to participate in the fur trade • Church is worried that fur traders are having relationships with First Nation women Conge System • 25 licences will be given per year to allow people to go into the interior • Allows those with licences one canoe and three men • Limits how far they can travel and how much they can bring back • 1691: significance: encourage those already in the interior to come back because they don’t have a licence • System is disregarded • People that get these licences know those involved in issuing the licences • Punishment set up for those going into the interior without a licence Hard to enforce (because if individuals left but never came back) • • Legal fur trader • 1/3 of traders are legal Courier des bois • 1696: King Louis ends trading but it still goes on anyway • Training licences are no longer issued • Any item that was reflective was highly valued - showed status • Hudson Bat is compact because they are on the edge of the water and Fi
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