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History 2401E

Lecture 36Feb 27 2012 Education and Thought contdrdMedieval Bibliography Web Siteto help with 3 essayUniversities arose from guilds that brought together people with likeminded interestsOut of various informal origins developed centre of medieval thoughtBolognastudied lawParisphilosophy and theology were studiedOxford and Cambridgeformed by scholars who migrated to England from ParisOver time these places became institutionalized o Rich individuals princes religious leaders patronized these placesGive house to set of students or teachers origin of collegesPrivate contract between student and teacher o Student paid teacher for lessons o Lessons were usually consisted of teacher reading out a book o Book would be accompanied by commentary by precessdors and teacher would make his own commentsTo be admitted to university student was expected to prove his ability to read and write in Latin o To be literate meant to be able to read and write in Latin o Admitted at age 17 o Triviumstudied logic rhetoric grammar o Quadriviumgeometry music astrometry arithmetic o Known as the 7 liberal arts o Process known as hearing a bookAt Paris when student had heard two books on grammar and five on logic would earn Bachelor of Arts o Student would then become an advisor o Required to study the other liberal arts the latter 4 o Could pursue a Master of ArtsStudent expected to read on his ownCandidate for a degree was expected to take an oath promising he has read the number of books requiredCould pursue career in teaching or continue learning in that particular fieldIdea of students debating on an issue was commonWorks of Aristotle had been lost in Western Europe o People knew of him but did not have the originals o Arab world had translated versions o Became a major component in Islamic philosophy o It was reintroduced in the gradual conquest by Christian kingdoms from the NAs they took over former Muslim Iberia came into contact with intellectualsBelief that the universe had no beginning and no end o Comes to odds with the Bible where there is a belief of the beginning of the world and the end of the world o Aristotle held that the soul was mortal and when we die the soul dies with usDifficult to reckon with Christian thoughtProvoked difficulty with Church o When Aristotles original work was read again in the W people were interested but felt that these problems needed to be addressed1210 Church near Harris banned Aristotles work from University of ParisNo indication that people actually followed this1231 Gregory claimed that an investigation should be launched to see if there is any value to Aristotles work
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