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Revolt of the Netherlands

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Western University
History 2403E
Jeffrey Temple

March 4 2009Revolt of the NetherlandsLow CountriesWhat did the Low Countries Netherlands and Belgium look like on the eve of revoltTraditionally they were part of the Spanish Hapsburg familyAmalgam of 17 provincesapproximately 3 million peopleoDensely populated areahighly urbanizedpolitical independenceRare for Europe Oligarchy rule by fewMerchant families who govern the citiesThe low countries were manmade territoriestaken back from the seaThey have a solid sense of solidaritythe feel like they came together and built the NetherlandsThere is a high degree of religious tolerationThe Holy Roman emperors had long allowed the Low Countries to govern themselvesStates GeneralLike the Cortes in Spain Parliament in Englad Estates General in FranceLimited body of peopleOne important right of powerthe right to levy taxationBelgiumThe Spanish NetherlandsThe revolt will result in the 10 Southern ProvincesToday they are belgiumNetherlandsHollandUnited Provinces7 Northern ProvincesThis is how they will be known Consequences of Dutch RebellionDecline in the power of Spanish dominanceRepresents the emergence of a Republican alternative to monarchyResults in new forms of economic endeavourthey become good at making moneyDates of the RevoltThe Dutch revolt begins in the late 1560sNot formally recognized at Independent until 1648Those involved The Time of Troubles1That is not what they are aiming foraWere not fighting for Independence they wanted the Status Quothe way things werebIt gradually becomes a war of independencePhilip IIStands at the centre of the breakdown of relations between Spain and the NetherlandsHe has a Spanish crusading zealProfound sense of Spanish superiorityno respect for the DutchOnly wants to tax these peopleAlways bankruptbut devoutly CatholicMargaret of ParmaPhilip left his sister to govern the Low Countries
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