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Lecture

English Civil War.doc

5 Pages
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Department
History
Course Code
History 2403E
Professor
Jeffrey Temple

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March 11 2009English Civil WarThe Glorious RevolutionElizabeth was loved by the peopleHow do the English people go from a love affair with their monarch to executing their monarchThe Civil War was essentially a rebellion of the Parliament against the crownMany historians see this as social political and national tensions being played out in this warThe traditional view that England was destined for greatnessit was more complicatedJames I r16031625There is nobody in England who wanted to get rid of the KingThey did want the Kings power limitedhe shouldnt chip away at the rights of the eliteoThe people did not want the Monarch to tax too muchHe had gay inclinationshe would promote a young noble and that would cost England moneyRemember he thinks he has been appointed by Godmakes frequent requests for moneyParliament gave him little moneythey continually drafted up complaints against himCharles r16251649Clashed with Parliament more frequently and more intensely than his fattherThe Parliament did not get along with Charles or JamesCharles had the same sense of entitlementDuke of BuckinghamJames I picked himhe becomes powerful and when James dies the Duke served under CharlesThe Parliament did not care about these affairs they just didnt like the Dukes power30 Years WarIt starts out as a religious warso there is pressure on James I to help the Protestant causeAnglicans vs PuritansReligious TensionsOne of the only countries in Europe where Religious tensions are on the riseCatholic vs Protestants were not the biggest issue in this timePuritansMore Calvinist than CalvinThey were bothered by a range of thingsoConcerned that the liturgy of the English Church has remained CatholicoFrustrated that the English church remained profoundly CatholicTheir strength was found in the lower levels of the Aristocracy and ParliamentoMany Parliament members were PuritansJames I was more fond of Calvinismbut he viewed the Puritans as the Scottish Church in EnglishoHe did not like the Scots Presbyterian Churchthey were deeply CalvinistsHe wanted to make them conform to Calvinism or run them out of EnglandArchbishop William of LaudCharles I put the power of the Church in his handsoWilliam was a hard headed manwanted to undermine the power of the PuritansThe religious tensions end up having a fundamental Political tension aspect to itGreat BritainJames I is the first King to bring together the Kingdoms around EnglandCharles does not like the divided religious communitywanted to bring the Scottish Presbyterians into the Anglican churchWanted Religious control through William of LaudScottish National CovenantDocument insisting on full rights of their Religious traditions
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