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Lecture 34 - The Wars of the Roses

5 Pages

Course Code
History 2405E
Barbara Murison

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Lecture 34The Wars of the Roses What y Domestic conflicts civil wars fought during the 1450s and 1460s y More or less ended in 1471 flared up in the mid1480s y War of the Roses not used my contemporaries o Term popularized by Sir Walter Scott y Refers to two houses York and Lancaster o Both use the rose as a symbol o Red rose of Lancaster and the white rose of YorkWhen y Start 1455 or 1453 o Some use the date of the first battle of St Albans in 1455Yorkists victories captured Henry VI o Some date it to 1453 2 years before St AlbansShort battle between the followers of the Nevilles and the Percies2 important northern families o During the 1450s there was a gradual escalation of conflict many local conflictsEventually the whole kingdom seems to be on one side or the otherDynastic issue y Finish 1471 1485 or 1487 o 1471Ends with Edward IVs victory at Tewkesbury in 1471Undisputed Yorkist ruler of the landEdwards reign began in 1461 after taking throne from Henry VI14701471 Henry VI makes a brief comeback second reign y Readeption of Henry VI y Only restored for a few weeks o 1485Others dont feel the war ended until Henry Tudor defeats Richard III at Bosworth FieldHenry Tudor takes the throne o 1487Henry Tudor been on the throne for some time has to fight for his crown younger son of Edward IV and son of the Duke of Clarence claiming the throneLambert Simnel son of the Duke of Clarence defeated at the Battle of StokeWhy y Inadequacies of Henry VI
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