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Lecture 53 – The Restoration Settlement

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History 2405E
Barbara Murison

LectureThe Restoration Settlement Major QuestionsWhat to do with those who fought against the crown o Those who signed the death warrant for Charles IWhat will the kings power beWhat will happen to the lands given awayHow was the matter of royal finance going to beWhat is the religious settlement going to beI Dealing with the RegicidesCharles willing to pardon the people who fought against him and his fatherWe do grant a free and general pardono Pointed out in the declaration that parliament would be allowed to make exceptions for the regicidesAct of Indemnity and Oblivion o Evil deeds of the people could be forgotten o Settled the general pardonRegicides 59 people who signed the death warrant for Charles I o Several fled abroad other died o Those who were found were hung drawn and quartered tho 12 anniversary of Charles Is death markedOliver Cromwell and the bodies of other chief opponents were dug up headsskulls put on spikes on the south side of Westminster HallII Constitutional Settlement Edward Hyde Earl of Clarendon o Charles II makes him an Earl o Long time supporter of the royalist cause o Becomes Lord Chancellor to the king o Mostly conservative liked the traditional constitution of England a mixed monarchyCrown and parliament both have power o Have to get rid of the radical elements o Didnt approve of the period of personal rule of Charles IAuthority of crown rights of the subject equilibrium o All the reforms passed by the Long Parliament were confirmedStar Chamber and the Court of High Commission abolished for goodDoesnt mean that parliament has the upper hand crown retains a fair amount of power o Public opinion in favour of the monarchy and its restorationAimed to take the best elements from each side o Charles made promises in the Declaration of Breda but wants to enjoy rights and power of his predecessors as much as possible
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