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Lecture 56, Part 2 - The Glorious Revolution

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History 2405E
Barbara Murison

Lecture 56, Part 2 – The Glorious Revolution IV) Invitation, Context, Military Comparisons  James assumed that William would be landing on the northeast coast of England o Based on the notion that one of the Immortal Seven, Danby, had estates there o Would give him influence over the Prince of Orange o English fleet waiting on the east coast o William didn’t want to be under the control of any of the inviters V) Invasion, Events  Lands in the southwest in Torbay (Devon) on the 5 of November o Issues a proclamation:  Come by request of English noblemen to call a free parliament, establish liberty of worship for everyone, save the Anglican church and to investigate the legitimacy of the Prince of Wales o William thought this through well, making James take the initiative, put responsibility of provoking civil war on James  Royal army will have to fight or retreat o November: poor campaigning weather o James finds morale is poor and doesn’t give clear leadership, uncertain what to do  John Churchill leads the army while the king is not there; ends up deserting, taking some officers with him  James devastated o Decision to retreat to London, people starting to panic  James hoped to negotiate with Prince of Orange o Sends his wife and son to France  December 10: James leaves Whitehall, drops the royal seal in the Thames o Captured and returned to London o William not happy to see him back, James alive in London is not good for William o Arranges for James to escape on his second attempt, clears the way for William  William invited to take over control over the government and give him the power to call a convention parliament o Meets in January 1689 VI) The Revolution Settlement  Options: o 1. Mary as Queen Regnant  William likely to feel slighted  Didn’t come to be “one of the queen’s gentlemen” o 2. William and Mary as co-rulers  Mary happy to share power with her husband  William seems happy with it as well, he would be the one calling the shots  Will be out of the country for a long period of time while campaigning in France; Mary acts on his behalf while he isn’t there o 3. Bring James back on conditions  Tie him down a bit, but allow him to rule  Few people would want James without conditions  Tories in favour of thi
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