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Lecture

Slavery

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Department
History
Course
History 2501E
Professor
Luz Hernandez- Saenz
Semester
Fall

Description
Oct, 30, 2012 Slavery th -Spain had a viceroyalty of New Spain in Mexico City and of Peru in Lima during the 16 century -Slavery in the middle ages was a luxury for the wealthy and they were more like servants and not all of them were Africans (some were from Asia and others were from Muslim areas that were taken prisoner in the Crusades) -The Portuguese got most of their slaves from Africa later and at the time it was not related to ones race or colour and when the Portuguese got to the islands around the Americas they used many slaves on their plantations -The Portuguese explored Africa and occupied areas in order to trade goods along with slaves and in the Americas slavery was mostly used in relation to plantations and some slaves were natives -The African slaves were brought in because they were used to extremely hot climates and they could do that hard work in the heat because it didn’t require any training or skills -Idea that Africans were fitter made people think they were better slaves and use of them for labour spread widely -North of Brazil though native laboth was still used because it was cheaper and they were easier to catch -The Dutch got involved in the 17 century in the sugar business after they occupied part of northern Brazil before they were expelled and relocated in the Caribbean -The Spanish were not involved in the slave trade because they were on the opposite side of the world to Africa -There were stereotypes that slaves from different areas would be good at different types of labour -Spain got slaves because the crown put out work contracts that slavers would bid on called Asiento -Most plantation slaves were males because they were tougher and the females were usually used in the houses -Portuguese in the beginning had a monopoly over the slave trade because of their occupation of Africa and they would buy people from local chiefs or they would kidnap them (didn’t usually do this because you couldn’t go back into the area and trade ever again) and the chiefs got slaves by rounding up all the criminals and people could also sell themselves to feed their families in hard times and local people were also involved in the kidnappings -Local African traders wanted goods from Europe so they started wars trying to get mor
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