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Latin, October 2 Notes.odt

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History 2501E
Luz Hernandez- Saenz

European History- October 2 The Colonial Church When we talk about the church we are talking about the Catholic Church – The church represents many different people – We can't just assume everyone within the church agrees with each other, because sometimes they don't – Religious orders fighting each other, not always in agreement – Difference between a cathedral and a church – Bishops sit in a cathedral – It is like a headquarters – This is where the tithe money is going Two Parallel Organizations – Secular Clergy – Bishop, parish priests, etc – Regular Clergy – Religious orders – Dominican, Jesuit, etc. – Each one has a head of the order – These two parallel organizations respond to the pope or the bishop – Theoretically, missionaries (regular clergy) came into the new world and converted the natives, then the secular clergy moves in, then the missionaries move to the next area – First order to arrive in new spain (area of mexicans), Franciscans – In Peru, the Dominicans – If the top native converts, all under them will convert – Missionaries go for the top guys th – No Jesuits at the beginning, order is established the middle of the 16 century – Each of these orders is different, they each have their own goals – Franciscans are focused on poverty – Dominicans, specialize in preaching – Jesuits, organized as an army, a lot of discipline, fight the protestants intellectually – Produce well trained educated people to counter the arguments of the protestant church – Its impossible to separate the secular from the religious at this time – Religion was part of your everyday life – This is very similar for the natives as well – If you are sick, its a punishment for example – Protestant reformation in the 16 century – Conversions – Big goal of the crown – After being conquered natives are converted more and more – The natives didn't just convert and become like spaniards, they take what they want and adapt it – Often one of their gods becomes a saint, there is a merger – You have to take complex religious ideas and make them simple for natives to understand – Language barrier – Use the same place the natives had their temples, and build a church on top – Idea, people will go there and worship different god – Although often people will go to same place and worship the same god – Missionaries have to adapt to what is going on in the new world, they can't simply export european practices – Catholic church in theAmericas has unique differences, inf
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