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The Problem with Slavery in Brazil

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Western University
History 2501E
Luz Hernandez- Saenz

Lecture 25Jan 10 2012The Problem of Slavery in BrazilSlavery and liberalism do not work together1820 Brazil had a monarchy government with an emperorConstitutional monarchymodernBrazil had different groupsExtremists and those that support the monarchyGroups basically formed by people who have an education know about politics have ideasEmperor Dom Pedro IIliberal emperor since childhoodOpposes slave trade2 different issues presented slave trade and slavery itselfSlave tradeshould it be allowed or not1810 Portuguese signed commercial treaty with BritishFavours Britain because it opens markets to them and gives them much cloud over Brazils politicsBritish want to end slave trade because of moral and economic reasonsMoralslavery does not align with liberal ideasEconomiccreates competition need workers that are paid so they can use that income to purchase other thingsDecision north of equator banned slave tradeSugar producing areas are affected because theyre located in the NMore competition for sugarCoffee producing areas located in the SEmperor agreesBrazil government is not strong enough to end slave trade because there is too much benefits for BraziliansEmperor promises numerous times to limit number of slaves being tradedCoffee becomes in great demandRoyal Biotechnical Garden brought to increase growthEnough labour because mines are in declineworkers can be transported where neededSlaves allowed because located south of equatorNationalist factor pushing Brazil to end slave trade by Britain1831 Brazil forced emperor to ratify slave tradeBrazil banned slave trade to appease BritainPeople purchase many slaves when discovering that slave trade will end people stock up on slavesVery lucrativeBrazil economy cannot grow because it cannot compete1835 slave revolt in BahiaBringing too many slaves in country people believe that their country is becoming an African nation1845 Brazil refused another agreement with Britain Aberdeen ActAct entitles British to capture any slave ships and take people to court and try themInternational watersBritish start entering Brazilian water for capturesResult Brazil has had enough of trade agreements1850 Queiroz LawAllowed slavery to continue but does not permit the incoming of new external slavesAllowed slaves to be traded within Brazil
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