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Korean History Lecture

5 Pages

Course Code
History 2611E
Carl Young

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ththChosn in the Late 18 and 19 Early Centuries Conclusion December 5 2011Elite DissidentsChanban ruined Yangban o Because of decreasing opportunities because of their exam placements making them poorer and limiting their opportunity Soja sons of concubines of Yangban bloodChungin educated technical officialso Geographers practical professionals still looked down upon because their work was too practicalo Civilian governments were still more highly respectedo They were not allowed to surpass their technical positions Yangban from the northern provinces Increasingly powerful and vocalNot included in present power structure they were educated but were still refused positions higher upo Will provide leadership for reform movements and rebellions There was not a set succession line not always the first son leading to difficulties with sudden deaths of KingsInlaw politics emerged PeasantsTraditional Confucianism looks down upon merchants and commerce as they are viewed to be parasites just moving and transferring foods Not too much of a trade society mostly agricultural Some became wealthyMost were worse off because of high taxes and unfavourable farming climate o Because of the way of taxation local administration creaming their communities and asking for higher taxes and skimming off the topso Tale of Chun Yang some people benefitted from this corruption Widespread poverty and loss of land o 3 centuries were a time of global cooling caused a shortage of growing season leading to more famineo Peasant families were growing leading to less residential landsMore frequent planting of potatoes and sweet potatoeso Originally from South America from Peru putting up with cold and humid weather very versatile plant o Why it became increasingly popular amongst peasants easy to plant and cheap to attain and tendo Its widespread acceptance is reflective of increasing peasant populationso People being forced off their landNew class of agricultural and village labourers o Leading to mobile labourers as they were forced of their lands due to high tax rates
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