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Disease and the Body: Challenge and Change

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History 2812E
Shelley Mc Kellar

Disease and the Body Challenge and ChangethJanuary 9library exercise Not be meeting in the class We will meet at weldon library Electronic instruction room Can meet at the reference desk Research PaperAnalytical question deals with the how and the whyBring Research Plan to Prof Attach completed Student exercises to the final essay for Bonus Markstwo bonus marks Theme of this lecture is challenge and change It is happening in a small group of men The learned men Not the patients or even the practicing doctor But the learned men IThe Spirit of Critical Inquiry Anatomy Studiesth15th 18 century focus on the body Anatomists and the mechanists of the body Physiology this interest in the body happened at this time because of the revolution of information at the time Moveable type no more monks remember temples lecture on the benefits of this books on specific topics become widely available Anatomy texts are printed Some are illustrated some are not This contributes to what people are learning Which are the first textsClassical texts will be reprinted Galen Hippocrates This work is in Greek so it will be translated into latin Strong belief in the classic texts They will translate own their own they do not use the muslim texts that were compilations of classics in latin they want to translate themselves essential understanding and practice of medicine at this time goes unchallenged Everyone is reading the same text th17 centuryslowly you see challenges to these texts 1 reason is the time and place Context of the school of inquiry There is a culture of questioning of classic works 2 reason the involvement of artists inanatomy They study the healthy human form They want to understand the normal body to help them paint and sculpt it Artists and Anatomistsraphael and Michelangelo working with anatomists When do they start dissecting the human bodyWhat is dissectionscientific study of what is under the skin after the medieval periodalthough Egyptian worked with mummification so they had to know what was under the skin Ancient Greeks did not study what is inside the body because they are focused on balance Galen does want to understand the bits and pieces He does dissect animals And he extrapolates that information to the human bodythHuman dissection 1518 renaissance focused on body some argue that artists should be credited because they wanted to know about the human body They want to know about proportion Also want to bring realism to sculpture They want to sit in on dissections And the scientists want the artists to draw in their anatomy texts most texts before were descriptive with little drawing Anatomy texts drawings become VERY important
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