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3427E- February 10th.docx

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Department
History
Course
History 3427E
Professor
Karen Priestman
Semester
Fall

Description
3427E                                                                                                                February  10 , 2014 ­ Life expectancy in Auschwitz: 3 months ­ Men ­ Under 40 ­ Strong and healthy ­ Luck: work assignments, skills, pity ­ Will to live: Muselmanner o Those who have given the will to live o Can see the defeat in their eyes and predict death within a few days The Victims ‘Like sheep to the slaughter’ ­ Abba Kovner (Vilna, 1942) ­ Emmaneul Ringelblum (Warsaw, 1942) ­ Jewish Fighting Organization (Warsaw, 1943) ­ Raul Hilberg, 1961 o 2000 years of passivity and ‘waiting out the storm’ Yehuda Bauer ­ Jewish resisters face different choices ­ Benefit of hindsight ­ Psychological barriers to coming those realizations, that every single Jew would  have been murdered if Nazis had their own way ­ Multiple reactions of Jew, reacted in their own ways: not always ‘heroic’ ­ Amidah­ ‘standing up against’ Forms of Resistance ­ Spiritual/ Cultural Resistance o Music, poetry, art, theatre o Maintaining religious customs ­ Evasion o Evading deportations: Judenrate o Smuggling ­ Armed Resistance o Ghetto and camp uprisings o Joining Partisan movements  Atomization of Society ­ Psychological separation ­ Physical separation ­ Ghetto hierarchy­ ghetto police ­ Camp hierarchy  o Sonderkommandos ­ Survival of women (?) ‘Collective Responsibility’ ­ Reprisals  o 50­ 100 Jews killed for every German killed ­ Involving the population o The Judenrate o Jewish Order Police o Sonderkommandos Seduced by Hope ­ Sacrificing others for personal survival ­ False promises ­ Deception ­ Psychological barrier ­ Optimism  Armed Resistance ­ Ghetto uprising ­ Partisans ­ Camp Uprisings Ghetto Resistance ­ Cooperation vs. Col
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