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History 3427E -10 March 2014.docx

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Department
History
Course
History 3427E
Professor
Karen Priestman
Semester
Fall

Description
3427E                                                                                                                         10  March 2014 ­ Lack of political will to bomb Auschwitz ­ This was not a military or important target in the context of the war ­ to bomb Auschwitz would be a civilian and defenses prospect­ might go against  international law The End of the Holocaust ­ No dramatic end to the holocaust ­ Destruction of Jews shuts down over time ­ Bleznec, Sobibor, Treblinca­ 1943 done ­ Majdanek and Auschwitz are the only death camps that still exist after 1943 Liquidation and Liberation of Auschwitz ­ Summer 1944: o Majdanek Liberation o Evacuations of Auschwitz begin o Burning of documents begin ­ November: o Himmler orders end to gassing ­ 25 December: o Death marches begin ­ January 1945: o Gas chambers and crematoria demolished ­ 27 January: Auschwitz liberated ­ Anyone who is to feeble to walk is left behind­ some of those are liberated by the  Red army ­ Document what they find in the death camps after the liberation of Auschwitz and  Majdanek ­ Some people are liberated but need to remain in Bergen­belson to eat o Bergen­belson becomes the primary spot for ill people  Need to be able to treat diseases, locate families, etc. o No where to put them­ Germany has been bombed and there are very few  buildings left standing  o Becomes a displaced person camp o Largest population of Jewish survivors o Can’t give them too rich food, many die of over eating Displaced Persons (DP) Camps ­ initially administered by Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force  (SHAEF) ­ Mid­ July: administration shifts to Four Powers­ United States, Britain, France,  Soviet Union ­ United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Agency (UNRRA) British Zone ­ Bergen­Belsen o Retains name, changes location ­ Largest 
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