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Lecture 10

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Western University
History 2125F/G
Peter Krats

Keynesianism Canada: Part Two Perhaps most evocative of postwar boom mentality was E.P. Taylor E.P. Taylor: pioneers new directions for management  Did not care what his companies were producing; was only interested in making profits  Took over companies with importance on making money immediately as opposed to cultural legacies, longevity  As 1960s begin, he buys Massey Fergusson, changed their production focus to something that would make more money (the growing suburbs did not need typical tractors like Massey originally produced so he turned them towards producing lawnmowers and snowmobiles) Challenges - “A buck is a buck” o Carter (1966): fairness should be foremost objective of taxation system… the poor paid more than their fair share while wealthy avoided taxes through various loopholes o He argued that “if you make a dollar, pay tax on it!” to benefit society - Regional variations o Percentage of national average income in 1947 was 116% in Ontario, 117% BC o Who’s benefitting? Manufacturing employment located largely in Southern Ontario o Control of manufacturing in 1961 is almost 50% United States, 50% Canada o Outside control of gas o Distribution of American firms: Toronto has 666 American firms, Hamilton 68, …  Produced “Canadian-made” products but from American companies - Economies of small scale o The case of the optimum appliance factory - To what end? Defining affluence - For whom? o What of workers? Fordist industrial compromise brings overall gains in standard of living o Recall the PC 1003 of 1944: Enter the Fordist Industrial compromise  Legal recognition of Bargaining Agent  Unions must use “grievance procedure”  Not in the deal: “management prerogative”  Industrial Relation and Disputes Investigation Act  Next in line after Trades Unions Act o Government emphasizes “Production” o Period of growing prosperity: service sector is growing because of mechanization (agriculture decreases and manufacturing stabilizes) o Women’s employment increases, approaching half of population of women o Wages increase greater than inflation o Average incomes increase so disposable income o WASPM: white, Anglo-Saxon, Protestant, Male were most successful  Education, nature of work, gender, “ethnicity”/religion, regions  Obviously some of these you could control Labour Organization: New and Old Issues Labour and the 1950s - Seeking better: did not want to lose the gains that were achieved during the war o Striking of a
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